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Workshop for Educators

The Izaak Walton League and NY Chapter American Fisheries Society (AFS) are jointly presenting a 2-day workshop on May 2nd and 3rd titled Youth Aquatic Resource Education & Creek Freaks. The workshop will be held at the Cornell Biological Field Station, 900 Shackelton Point Road, Bridgeport, NY.

Day 1 – Creek Freaks – Introduces participants to a basic overview of stream ecology, guidance on how to manage the logistics of conducting on‐going youth programs, and hands‐on training in conducting activities from the Creek Freaks curriculum, including hands‐on classroom activities and biological, chemical, and physical stream monitoring in the field.

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Deer in Urban, Suburban or Rural Environments

More than 40 people attended the kick-off event for the C-OFOKLA Speaker Series on Monday, March 16th at Tully Elementary School.  From 6 until 7 students from SUNY ESF, under the direction of Dr. Kimberly L. Schultz, presented research posters from their recent work in the region.  Topics included “Effects on Macrophyte & Macroinvertebrate Abundance Due to Eurasian Milfoil Treatments in Cazenovia Lake” and “The influence of recreational boat traffic on non-native macrophyte biomass and native diversity” .  

Justin Gansowski, a wildlife disease biologist with USDA, then presented an informative talk titled Deer Management in Urban, Suburban or Rural Environments: The Need for Intensive Commitment. In the last 50 years the deer harvest in New York has more than quadrupled, implying a

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What is a Kettle Lake?

C-OFOKLA (Click to Enlarge)

C-OFOKLA (Click to Enlarge)

Onondaga and Cortland Counties, are unique and beautiful regions in central New York. One of the defining characteristics is the presence of several kettle-hole or kettle lakes. 

According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the area was formed by the advancing and retreating of glacial ice during the last glacial period in North America.  To the west of us, the same glacial process formed the Finger Lakes. The process here, however, caused smaller holes to be formed when huge chunks of ice broke off the glacier. These holes, or “kettles” were then buried by till [1] as the glacier receded. When these ice chunks melted, the depression remained.

Each kettle lake has its own unique properties. Some have natural or created outlets, while others are landlocked. All of these lakes are, however, connected to the surficial aquifer. A surficial aquifer is generally defined by the USGS, as an “unconfined, shallow aquifer system, recharged by rainfall and leakage from surface water bodies.”

The glaciers also formed the Valley Heads Moraine, an area of sand and gravel deposited when the retreating ice paused. The moraine runs east to west and separates the Tully Valley to the north from the Tioughnioga Valley to the south. This moraine also forms the surface water divide for the St. Lawrence River drainage (north) and the Susquehanna River drainage (south).[2]

[1] sediment of various particle sizes deposited by the direct action of ice

[2] Information from USGS